Q: What is a national monument?
A: A national monument is a land or historic area that has been given permanent protection by Congress or by the president through the use of the Antiquities Act. National monuments include wild places and historic places like Canyon of the Ancients National Monument in Colorado and the Statue of Liberty in New York.
Q: Who manages the national monuments?
A: National monuments can be managed by one of four agencies:
- The National Park Service
- The U.S. Forest Service
- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
- The Bureau of Land Management
Q: How many national monuments are there?
A: There are currently more than 100 national monuments. You can view an interactive map of them below.
Q: What is our newest national monument?
A: The Berryessa Snow Mountain National Monument (California), Basin and Range National Monument (Nevada) and Waco Mammoth National Monument (Texas) were designated by President Barack Obama in July 2015.
Photo: Cache Creek Wilderness, within Berryessa Snow Mountain National Monument (California). Credit: Bob Wick (BLM), flickr.
Other new monuments include:
- San Gabriel Mountains National Monument (California)
- Organ Mountains-Desert Peaks National Monument, New Mexico
- Expansions to the Pacific Remote Islands National Monument
- Expansions to the California Coastal National Monument
- Rio Grande del Norte National Monument, New Mexico
- San Juan Islands, Washington
- Harriet Tubman National Monument, Maryland
- Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument, Ohio
- First State National Monument, Delaware
All of these new monuments were designated by President Barack Obama in 2013 and 2014.
Q: What can I do in a national monument?
A: You can do a lot of fun things in national monuments, like
- Camping and backpacking
- Hunting and fishing
- Horseback riding
- Riding motorized vehicles on designated roads
- Hiking and biking
Q: What kind of development is allowed in a national monument?
A: National monuments protect “existing rights,” meaning, whatever you did there before it was protected as a national monument, you can probably still do after it is designated. This includes previously-existing:
- Oil and gas leases
- Access to private property
- Valid mining claims
- Roads and utility infrastructure
- Livestock grazing
Q: What is the Antiquities Act?
A: The Antiquities Act is a law that allows the president of the United States to designate naturally, culturally and historically significant lands as national monuments. Sixteen out of the last 18 presidents have used the law since its enactment in 1906.
Q: Are national monuments only land areas?
A: No. A national monument can be land, such as the Grand Canyon. It can also be a statue, like the Statue of Liberty; a building, like Fort Pulaski in Georgia; or even underwater, like the Marianas Trench off the coast of Hawaii.
Q: Who decides if we get more national monuments and where?
A: Simply put - you and me. National monument designations, like any land protection, are locally-driven from the ground up.