National Wilderness Preservation System

Upper Bald River, Tennessee
Jeff Hunter
When President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Wilderness Act in 1964, he created one of our nation’s most cherished wildland systems: the National Wilderness Preservation System.

The wilderness system preserves the wildest of our wild lands with the highest level of government protection.

Today, the National Wilderness Preservation System includes more than 109 million acres of protected wilderness areas for all Americans to enjoy.The NWPS includes wilderness on four types of lands managed by the U.S. Government:

  • National forests
  • National parks
  • National wildlife refuges
  • Bureau of Land Management (BLM) lands

The wilderness system has grown from 9.1 million acres from its beginning to roughly 109 million acres today, totaling 662 Wilderness Areas. That equals less than two percent of the lower 48 states. 

The first states to gain Wilderness in the NWPS were Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Minnesota, Montana, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Washington and Wyoming.

Upon signing the Wilderness Act, President Johnson said:

"If future generations are to remember us with gratitude rather than contempt, we must leave them something more than the miracles of technology. We must leave them a glimpse of the world as it was in the beginning, not just after we got through with it."

Slideshow: Explore a sampling of our nation's wilderness and wilderness study areas. 

See also:

The Wilderness Act Handbook

Helpful links