With the stroke of a pen, the president of the United States can protect natural, historical and cultural wonders by designating them as national monuments. The president can do this by using the Antiquities Act, a law enacted by President Theodore Roosevelt.
Perhaps one of the greatest powers bestowed up the president of the United States is the ability to protect America’s treasures by using the Antiquities Act. Sixteen presidents — from Theodore Roosevelt to Barack Obama — have used the Antiquities Act to protect places big and small across the United States.
National monument designation is a form of protection most like a National Conservation Area (NCA). National monuments are flexible designations that allow for a true conservation balance between development and the need to protect our most treasured places for our children and grandchildren.
Photo: Rio Grande del Norte National Monument, N.M., by BLM New Mexico
National monuments can either be established by Congress though legislation or by the president of the United States through the use of the Antiquities Act.
Sometimes when the wheels of Congress move too slowly, or there is extreme partisan gridlock, the use of the Antiquities Act is welcomed, especially when cries for protection on the ground have hit a brick wall in Congress.
America celebrates more than 100 national monuments, many of which were designated through the use of the Antiquities Act.
Some of our most beloved places are here today thanks to the Antiquities Act. This popular law is used by the president to designate national monuments. Since its enactment in 1906, the majority of U.S. presidents have used it. The Antiquities Act has protected well known places like the Grand Canyon, which was a national monument before it gained national park status, and lesser known places, like the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument.
Got a question about national monuments? We have some some great FAQs that can help.
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- Tuesday, February 21, 2017
The Wilderness Society (TWS) and Idaho Conservation League (ICL) released results of new research today that reveal what appear to be widespread violations of the Idaho constitutional limit on how much land the State Land Board can sell to private parties. The new findings further deflate claims by public land takeover advocates that Idaho citizens won’t be locked out of their forests and recreation lands if they are given to the state.
- Friday, February 17, 2017
The Wilderness Society commends the outdoor retail industry for making this important decision to stand by our nation’s public lands and with the millions of Americans who recreate on them.
The following statement is from Scott Miller, senior regional director for The Wilderness Society:
- Friday, February 17, 2017
Today, the U.S. Senate approved President Trump’s nominee, Oklahoma Attorney General Scott Pruitt, to head the Environmental Protection Agency. Jamie Williams, president of The Wilderness Society said:
“Americans deserve an Environmental Protection Agency that protects the health and safety of the public, especially the purity of our water and the quality of our air. Scott Pruitt has made it clear that this is not his agenda.