This research paper is intended to identify issues relating to climate change that the Forest Service should consider as it revises its forest management plans in the Sierra Nevada. Climate change puts at risk the ability of ecosystems to continue to provide the values we expect from wildlands. Consequently, the role of management must change from enhancing the production of a few marketable goods and services to minimizing the loss of the biodiversity and productive capacity that make possible the delivery of services we value from wildland ecosystems. The paper explains how adaptation results from reductions in the fundamental components of risk – vulnerability, exposure, and uncertainty – and describes actions that can be taken to reduce the risks to national forests posed by climate change.
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