Our national forests are the backbone of America’s public lands system. And creating plans for each of them takes time, money and community participation. Forest planning looks at everything from logging to protecting threatened species. Because forests transcend centuries, the plans need to be thoughtful of the next generation and the long-term needs of the community and land.
The National Forest Management Act or NFMA is the basic law that the Forest Service must follow in developing forest planning rules to manage national forests. Passed in 1976, the Act has three special features:
- The Forest Service is required to involve the public in forest planning.
- The Forest Service must develop and update a 10 to 15 year plan for how it would manage the land and resources in each individual national forest.
- All management activities in the national forest must be consistent with the forest plan.
As it turns out, in the history of the Forest Service, there has only been one successful forest planning rule. While it is effective, the rule dates back to 1982, and does not address 21st century forest planning issues like sustainable recreation and climate change.
Accordingly, the Obama administration revised the 1982 rule, and after much public input, replaced it with one that addresses the current needs of our forests and surrounding communities.
Planning directives explain the nitty-gritty details and requirements the Forest Service must adhere to when implementing the new planning rule. While many of us will never read a planning directive, they are what guides the detailed development of forest plans and are relied on heavily by Forest Service employees and stakeholders. The directives are comprised of the Forest Service Manuals and related Forest Service Handbooks.
The Forest Service is setting up a national committee to help guide the initial implementation of the new planning rule. The committee’s official title is the “National Advisory Committee for Implementation of the National Forest System Land Management Planning Rule.”
- The National Forest Management Act:
- National Forest Management Act planning directives:
- National advisory committee:
- Forest Service manual:
- Forest Service handbook:
Wilderness is a precious resource with many human, natural and economic benefits that we need to protect.
Betty White first visited California’s Sierra Nevada at age four. That visit, and visits almost every year thereafter, made a lasting impression on her.
This data map is an update to the Open for Business leasing statistics. It shows BLM acreage open to leasing around the West.
The Handbook prescribes a sequence of steps by which mineral occurrence potential or development potential is applied to make oil and gas lease stipulation planning and allocation decisions. In essence, under the Handbook, development potential is used to predict the location and intensity of oil and gas development assuming that existing management prescriptions will remain in place. Then, alternatives to existing management are formulated in order to mitigate the impacts and resolve the conflicts that would likely arise from continuing with existing management.
The Federal Coal Program, Then and Now (CO)